Moabite

Moabite
   The designation of a tribe descended from Moab, the son of Lot (Gen. 19:37). From Zoar, the cradle of this tribe, on the south-eastern border of the Dead Sea, they gradually spread over the region on the east of Jordan. Rameses II., the Pharaoh of the Oppression, enumerates Moab (Muab) among his conquests. Shortly before the Exodus, the warlike Amorites crossed the Jordan under Sihon their king and drove the Moabites (Num. 21:26-30) out of the region between the Arnon and the Jabbok, and occupied it, making Heshbon their capital. They were then confined to the territory to the south of the Arnon.
   On their journey the Israelites did not pass through Moab, but through the "wilderness" to the east (Deut. 2:8; Judg. 11:18), at length reaching the country to the north of the Arnon. Here they remained for some time till they had conquered Bashan (see Sihon; Og). The Moabites were alarmed, and their king, Balak, sought aid from the Midianites (Num. 22:2-4). It was while they were here that the visit of Balaam (q.v.) to Balak took place. (See Moses.)
   After the Conquest, the Moabites maintained hostile relations with the Israelites, and frequently harassed them in war (Judg. 3:12-30; 1 Sam. 14). The story of Ruth, however, shows the existence of friendly relations between Moab and Bethlehem. By his descent from Ruth, David may be said to have had Moabite blood in his veins. Yet there was war between David and the Moabites (2 Sam. 8:2; 23:20; 1 Chr. 18:2), from whom he took great spoil (2 Sam. 8:2, 11, 12; 1 Chr. 11:22; 18:11).
   During the one hundred and fifty years which followed the defeat of the Moabites, after the death of Ahab (see Mesha), they regained, apparently, much of their former prosperty. At this time Isaiah (15:1) delivered his "burden of Moab," predicting the coming of judgment on that land (comp. 2 Kings 17:3; 18:9; 1 Chr. 5:25, 26). Between the time of Isaiah and the commencement of the Babylonian captivity we have very seldom any reference to Moab (Jer. 25:21; 27:3; 40:11; Zeph. 2:8-10).
   After the Return, it was Sanballat, a Moabite, who took chief part in seeking to prevent the rebuilding of Jerusalem (Neh. 2:19; 4:1; 6:1).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • moabite — ● moabite adjectif et nom Du pays de Moab. ⇒MOABITE, adj. et subst. ANTIQUITÉ A. (Celui, celle) qui est originaire du pays de Moab (région ancienne de la Palestine à l est de la mer Morte correspondant à peu près à la Jordanie actuelle), qui y… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Moabite — may refer to: a person from Moab, the former country of the Moabite people, currently located in the area of Jordan east of the Dead Sea the Moabite language, an extinct Canaanite dialect once spoken in Moab This disambiguation page lists… …   Wikipedia

  • Moabite — Mo ab*ite, n. One of the posterity of Moab, the son of Lot. ( Gen. xix. 37.) Also used adjectively. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Moabite — [mō′bīt΄ishmō′ə bīt΄] n. [ME < LL(Ec) Moabita < Gr(Ec) mōabitis] 1. a person born or living in Moab 2. the extinct Semitic language spoken by the Moabites adj. of Moab or its people or culture: also Moabitish [mō′bīt΄ish] …   English World dictionary

  • Moabite — /moh euh buyt /, n. 1. an inhabitant or native of Moab. 2. an extinct language of Moab, in the Canaanite group of Semitic languages. adj. 3. Also, Moabitic /moh euh bit ik/, Moabitish /moh euh buy tish/. of or pertaining to the ancient kingdom of …   Universalium

  • Moabite — noun Etymology: Middle English, from Late Latin Moabita, Moabites, from Greek Mōabitēs, from Mōab Moab, ancient kingdom in Syria Date: 14th century a member of an ancient Semitic people related to the Hebrews • Moabite or Moabitish adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Moabite language — Moabite Spoken in Formerly spoken in northwestern Jordan Extinct 5th century BC Language family Afro Asiatic Semitic …   Wikipedia

  • Moabite stone — Mo ab*ite stone (Arch[ae]ol.) A block of black basalt, found at Dibon in Moab by Rev. F. A. Klein, Aug. 19, 1868, which bears an inscription of thirty four lines, dating from the 9th century b. c., and written in the Moabite alphabet, the oldest… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Moabite Stone — a slab of black basalt bearing an inscription recording the victory of Mesha, the king of Moab, over the Israelites, about 860 B.C. Also called Mesha Stele. [1865 70] * * * Moabite stone noun A basalt slab found (1868) at Dibon in Moab, with a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Moabite alphabet —       eastern subdivision of the Canaanite branch of the early Semitic alphabet, closely related to the early Hebrew alphabet. The best known example of the Moabite alphabet is from the Meshaʿ, or Moabite, Stone (Louvre, Paris), which was… …   Universalium

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